13 August 2018 | Features | By Dr Rajeev Kumar
Females at higher risk and after the age of 50 should undergo screening mammography and magnetic resonance mammography as per screening protocols.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Indian women, and is also the commonest cause of cancer deaths in women.
Here are 8 facts every woman should know:
2. Majority of (80%) lumps are not cancer but cysts,benign tumors and a lumpy feel during menses. But its important not to ignore, speak up early and get a consultation with the right doctor to rule out cancer.
3. Prevention is better than cure is the universal truth. Females at higher risk and after the age of 50 should undergo screening mammography and magnetic resonance mammography as per screening protocols. Breast Self-Exams should be learnt by everyone and done once a month to notice any subtle changes early. The changes are as follows
4. Find the right Doctor, be proactive in disease management and find out best possible treatment alternatives.
5. Family history matters because 5-10% breast cancer cases are hereditary. Recent advances provide genetic counselling and testing especially BRCA1/2 testing.
6. The multidisciplinary and multimodality approaches and management have made treatment strategies of breast cancer simpler and with lesser complications. The diagnostic, surgical and adjuvant therapies like chemotherapy and radiation techniques have come a long way through.
7. Breast cancer surgery no longer equates to a flat chest. With a plethora of oncoplastic surgical techniques its even impossible to find out whether one has undergone a mastectomy. Numerous options are available ranging from silicon implants to microvascular free flap reconstructions resulting in very good cosmetic outcomes.
8. The prognosis of breast cancer varies with histology, receptor status and age. Triple negative cancers (ER-,PR-and Her-2 neu -) are very aggressive and usually found in younger women with higher chances of recurrence.
Dr Rajeev Kumar, Sr. Consultant & Chief of Breast Services, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi